Dryers Water Heaters
No calculation for a dryer is needed in a single family dwelling.
The service load is either 5000kVA or nameplate, which ever is larger.
When it comes to multi family dwellings there is a calculation. Here is the
Single Phase - Total nameplate times demand % based on number of dryers. Use
5kVA for any that are less than 5kVA.
Three Phase - Twice the maximum number connected between any two legs.
Technique of solution is as follows:
Take the total number of actual appliances and divide by three. If this
results in a decimal (.33 or .66) round up to the next whole number. Multiply
this number times two. Multiply the result times the nameplate or 5kVA for each
dryer, which ever is larger. Then multiply by the demand factor from the table
in 220 for the total number of actual dryers (not twice the number connected
between any two legs). When the number of dryers is over fifty, this factor will
always be 25%. The result is the service demand for dryers connected to a three
Here is a chart which can be used to find dryer load for single and three
phase services. It is of my own design. It is reproduced here as it appears in
Reference Formulas Appendix.
Find practice problems HERE.
Find audio support HERE.
There is no special calculation for a water heater connected to a service
except that if there are 4 or more fixed appliances, the demand can be
calculated at 75% for a water heater.
Click on any of these titles from Amazon.com which may be of interest to
Order them directly from Amazon.com with a debit or credit card.